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Otto Frank- father (head of family): He walked through his childhood in Frankfurt, Germany. He owned the 263 Prinsengracht, which held the Secret Annex. The Annex becomes their hiding place for the Franks, van Pels (Daan), and Mr. Pfeffer. He also becomes the sole survivor of the concentration camps of the 8 that were hiding in the Annex. Edith Frank-mother of family: She's 11 years younger than Otto Frank. She grew up in Aachen, Germany. The two were bind together on May 12, 1925. Margot Betti Frank- Anne's older sister was born on February 16, 1926. Her personality was totally different from Anne. She was calm and quiet. She did well in school or all her subjects.
Anne was born on June 29,1929 in Germany. A young lady whose nice? Yes! Elegant? Not so much......Her personality was wild like she was the queen of the jungle and willful. These characteristics benefits her to become a famous writer even after her death and they also made it difficult for her parents to please her, unlike her sister. She, unlike her sister, failed in math, no matter how long her father spent trying to teach her.
Edith Frank and Anne on June 1929
Young baby, Anne, in the arms of her mother, Edith Frank.
Anne and Her Friend, Sanne
This is a picture of her apartment in the Netherlands, Merwedeplein.
This is a picture of Otto Frank and his two lovely daughters.
Jewish Secondary School
The school Anne was forced to attend after the Nazis invaded the Netherlands.
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2 Years in Hiding
Life in hiding wasn't really easy. Of course, at first, Anne thought of hiding in the Annex as a vacation, but those thoughts were bound to change soon enough. As days, months, 2 years passed, Anne became frustrated yet filled with hope. She wrote everything in the diary she received on her 13th birthday, rarely missing a day of not writing in it. Her frustrations led to arguments with her mom, Edith, who freaked out (being very frustrated herself). Also, in order to create little noise as possible, they ate in the van Pels' room. During working hours downstairs, Anne would hum really softly to a tune. She'd exercise by doing some ballet steps.
Everyone ate in the van Pels' room because it was on the top floor where noise was least likely to be heard. No one knew of the Annex so they had to be very very quiet.
Others in Hiding
Later, after a week of hiding in the Annex, the van Pels (Daan) join them in hiding followed by a dentist, Mr. Pfeffer. Mr. Frank decided to let the dentist join them because of 2 reasons. 1) Being a dentist, it saves them the trouble of having to go to a dentist if something happened to their teeth, which would put them in danger. 2) It wouldn't hurt to add one more person to hide. One more person meant one more from getting killed.
Moving Not Once, but Twice
Adolf Hitler (an anti-Jew) became chancellor of Germany in 1933. While Otto Frank searched for a new place to live in Holland, Edith takes her 2 daughters to Aachen with her mom. Margot joined Otto on December 1933 with her mother in order to submit to school in January. Anne, being who she is, arrived on February 1934. The last time she ever moved was when Amsterdam, Holland had been overthrown by the Nazis and they were no longer safe to live in their apartment on 37 Merwedeplein.
Daily Routine in Annex (Weekdays)
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| 6:30 AM-Everyone wakes up |
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| Everyone takes turns in bathroom |
| 8:30 AM-Boys downstairs arrive to work |
| 9:00 AM-Breakfast served |
| Make no noises 'till 12:30 PM |
| 12:30 PM-Boys downstairs go to lunch |
| Eat Lunch |
| Listen to radio (BBC broadcast) |
| Move 'till 2:00 PM |
| 2:00 PM- Warehouse reopens |
| 5:30 PM-Warehouse Closes |
| Evening-when downstairs empty, eat dinner |
| Housework and washing |
| Listen to BBC news |
| Take turns in bathroom |
| 9:00 PM-Get ready for bad |
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| Important not to make a noise since building supposed to be empty |
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| Burn trash on stove after dark even if weather was hot |
Anne Frank's Room
This is the room she used during the times when she hid herself from the Nazis in the Annex above her dad's office.
This is an attic in the Secret Annex.
The Dining Room
This room is located in the van Pels' room on the top floor.
This is the very diary Anne received from her father on her 13th birthday. She had written her experiences and feelings she held during the times when she was hiding in the Annex.
Secret Annex Location
This is the building the Franks and 4 others hid themselves for 2 years.
Discovered and The Camps
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Unfortunately, Anne's mom, Edith Frank, died of hunger on January 6, 1945. Otto Frank became the only survivor of the 8 people that were captured from the Annex. He learned the death of his two beloved daughters when he received a letter from a nurse that stayed with them in the camp, Jannie Brilleslijper.
The cruel, yet kind fangs of death snatched Margot's life first with typhus and the same with Anne's life the day after Margot died. She also had typhus and she became delirious and tore all her clothing to rid herself of fleas. She was only wrapped in a blanket, even if it was winter.
The two girls died in the camp of Bergen-Belsen a few weeks before the camp was liberated. A shame because if she and her sister clung onto their lives with all their might, they might have been able to survive and reunite with their father, Otto Frank.
Behind this movable bookcase is the entrance to the Secret Annex. However, on Aug. 4, 1944, the Germans discovered and arrested the occupants.
The camp where the most deaths occurred and the very place Anne and her family were sent to.
The grave of Margot and Anne Frank.
Later, Anne and Margot were separated from her parents and send to the Bergen-Belsen Camp. Unlike Aushwitz, this camp didn't contain any gas chambers or anything that could kill you in an instant.